Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) in conjunction with state agencies developed the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) program in 1992 to produce accurate, comprehensive, descriptive, timely, and accessible counts of fatal workplace injuries that occur during a given year. A fatality is counted in the state the incident occurred regardless of the state of employment to alleviate duplication of reporting in the states.

The fatality census uses diverse sources to identify, verify, and profile fatal work injuries in an effort to compile counts that are as complete as possible. Source documents such as death certificates, workers' compensation reports, and Federal and State agency administrative records are cross-referenced to gather key information about each workplace fatality such as the particular occupation in which the fatality occurred, worker demographics, equipment or machinery involved, and circumstances of the event. Two or more independent source documents are used to verify the work relationship of each fatal work injury.

A work relationship exists if an event or exposure results in fatal injury or illness to a person on the employer's premises and the person was there to work; off the employer's premises and the person was there to work; or the event or exposure was related to the person's work or status as an employee. Fatalities that occur during a person's commute to or from work are excluded from census counts. Work is defined as legal duties, activities, or tasks that produce a product or result; and that which is done in exchange for money, goods, services, profit, or benefit. Although the scope of the fatality census is limited to work-related injuries, states may submit data on work-related fatal illnesses, such as heart attacks, that occur at work.

Information gathered by states participating in the CFOI program is used for statistical and research purposes only. The identifiers of all individuals and companies remain confidential according to BLS policy and confidentiality pledges to state source agencies. BLS and participating state agencies abide by any restrictions on followback or the release data imposed by source agencies.

Data compiled by the CFOI program are issued annually for the previous calendar year. These data are used by safety and health professionals, policy analysts, and researchers to prevent fatal work injuries by informing workers of life threatening hazards associated with various jobs, promote safer work practices through enhanced job safety training, develop new safety equipment, assess and improve workplace safety standards, and identify new areas for safety research.

Chart A-1 shows workplace fatalities by event or exposure in Missouri in 2006 in all ownerships. Transportation incidents had the highest percentage of workplace fatalities with 46 percent. Transportation incidents also had the highest percentage of workplace fatalities in All United States in 2006. Assaults and violent acts had the second highest percentage of workplace fatalities in Missouri in 2006 with 16 percent. Assaults and violent acts had the fourth highest percent of workplace fatalities in All United States in 2006.

Chart A-2 illustrates fatal work injuries by location in Missouri in 2006 in all ownerships. Street or highway was the location where the highest percent of fatal work injuries occurred with 32 percent. Farm was the next highest location for fatal work injuries with 19 percent. Industrial places or premises was the location for 14 percent of the fatal work injuries. These three locations combined accounted for 65 percent of the fatal work injuries in Missouri in 2006. Street or highway was also the location with the highest percentage of fatal work injuries in All United States in 2006. Industrial places or premises was the location with the second highest percentage for All United States. Farm was the location with the sixth highest percentage of fatal work injuries in All United States with only nine percent.

Chart A-3 shows occupations with the largest number of worker fatalities in Missouri in 2006 in all ownerships. Agricultural managers was the occupation with the most worker fatalities with 28. Agricultural managers was the occupation with the third most worker fatalities in All United States in 2006. Driver/sales workers and truck drivers was the occupation with the second most worker fatalities in Missouri in 2006 with 21. Driver/sales workers and truck drivers was the occupation with the most worker fatalities in All United States in 2006.

Chart A-4 shows occupations in the construction industry with the highest number of fatalities in Missouri in 2006 in private industry. All other was the construction industry occupation with the highest number of fatal injuries with 36 percent. First-line supervisors/managers of construction trades and extraction workers was the occupation with the second highest number of fatal injuries in the construction industry with 26 percent.

Chart A-5 illustrates fatality work injuries varied between men and women in Missouri in 2006. Men accounted for 154 (92.8 percent) of the 166 total fatal occupational injuries in Missouri in 2006. Men accounted for 92.5 percent of the total fatal occupational injuries in All United States in 2006. Transportation incidents was the event or exposure in 71 or 46 percent of the fatal occupational injuries that involved men in Missouri in 2006, and 42 percent in All United States. Women accounted for 12 (7.2 percent) of the 166 total fatal occupational injuries in Missouri in 2006. Women accounted for 7.5 percent of the total fatal occupational injuries in All United States in 2006. Assaults and violent acts was the event or exposure in seven or 58 percent of the fatal occupational injuries that involved women in Missouri in 2006. Assaults and violent acts was the event or exposure in 30 percent of the fatal occupational injuries that involved women in All United States in 2006. Transportation incidents accounted for 42 percent of the occupational fatalities involving women in Missouri in 2006 and 49 percent in All United States.

Chart A-6 shows the fatal work injuries in selected industries in Missouri in 2006 in private industry. Construction was the major industry sector with the highest number of fatal work injuries with 39. Trade, transportation, and utilities was the major industry sector that had the second highest number of fatal work injuries with 33.

Table A-1 shows fatal occupational injuries by industry and event or exposure in Missouri in 2006. There were 166 total fatal occupational injuries in Missouri in 2006. Transportation incidents was the event or exposure responsible for 76 of the 166 fatal occupational injuries. Transportation incidents include highway, nonhighway, air, water, and rail fatalities, and fatalities resulting from being struck by a vehicle. Assaults and violent acts was the event or exposure that had the second highest number of fatal occupational injuries with 27. Assaults and violent acts include violence by persons, self-inflicted injury, and attacks by animals. The construction sector (NAICS 23) was the sector that had the highest number of fatalities in 2006 with 39. Within the construction sector, specialty trade contractors (NAICS 238) had 25 of the 39 fatalities. The agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector (NAICS 11) was the sector that had the second highest number of fatal occupational injuries at 31. Within the agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector, crop production (NAICS 111) had 28 of the 31 fatalities. The transportation and warehousing sector (NAICS 48-49) had the third highest number of fatal occupational injuries with 16. Truck transportation (NAICS 484) accounted for 13 of the 16 fatalities in the transportation and warehousing sector.

Table A-2 shows fatal occupational injuries resulting from transportation incidents and homicides by industry in Missouri in 2006. There were a total of 76 fatal occupational injuries as a result of transportation incidents. Highway incidents accounted for 40 of the total transportation incidents and non-highway incidents accounted for 18. The transportation and warehousing sector (NAICS 48-49) had the highest number of total transportation incidents with 15. Highway incidents accounted for 14 of these 15 transportation incidents. The agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector (NAICS 11) had the second highest number of total transportation incidents with 14. Non-highway incidents accounted for 10 of these 14 transportation incidents. There were 16 fatal occupational injuries as a result of homicides. Homicides by shooting accounted for 12 of the 16 fatal occupational injuries. Fifteen of the total homicides were in private industry and 14 of those were in service providing industries.

Table A-3 presents the number and percent of fatal occupational injuries to private sector wage and salary workers, government workers, and self-employed workers by industry in Missouri in 2006. Private sector wage and salary workers may include volunteers and workers receiving other types of compensation. Private sector wage and salary workers accounted for 98 of the 166 fatal occupational injuries in Missouri in 2006. The construction sector (NAICS 23) had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries among the private sector wage and salary workers with 32 or 32.7 percent. The manufacturing sector (NAICS 31-33) and the transportation and warehousing sector (NAICS 48-49) tied for the second highest number of fatal occupational injuries for private sector wage and salary workers with 9 or 9.2 percent each. The number and percent of fatal occupational injuries for government workers include fatalities to workers employed by governmental organizations regardless of industry. Government workers accounted for 10 of the 166 fatal occupational injuries in Missouri in 2006. The public administration sector (NAICS 92) had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries among government workers with 4 or 40.0 percent. Self-employed workers include self-employed workers, owners of unincorporated businesses and farms, paid and unpaid family workers, and may include some owners of incorporated businesses or members of partnerships. Self-employed workers accounted for 58 of the 166 fatal occupational injuries in Missouri in 2006. The agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector (NAICS 11) had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries among self-employed workers at 29 or 50.0 percent. The construction sector (NAICS 23) and the transportation and warehousing sector (48-49) tied for the second highest number of occupational fatalities of self-employed workers at seven or 12.1 percent each.

Table A-4 presents fatal occupational injuries by primary and secondary source of injury by major private industry sector in Missouri in 2006. The primary source of injury identifies the object, substance, or exposure that directly produced or inflicted the injury. For most transportation incidents, the primary source identifies the vehicle in which the deceased was an occupant. For most falls, the primary source identifies the surface or object contacted. The secondary source of injury, if any, identifies the object, substance, or person that generated the source of injury or that contributed to the event or exposure. For vehicle collisions, the deceased's vehicle is the primary source and the other object (truck, road divider, etc.) is the secondary source. For most homicides, the "bullet" is the primary source and the "perpetrator" is the secondary source. For most falls, the secondary source identifies the equipment or surface from which the worker fell. Vehicles was the leading primary source in the total fatalities with 78 total occupational injuries and also the leading secondary source for total fatalities. The total goods producing industries had 80 total fatalities. Within goods producing, the construction major industry sector comprised of the construction sector (NAICS 23) had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries with 39. Vehicles was the leading primary source in the total goods producing industries with 35 fatal occupational injuries. Structures and surfaces was the leading secondary source for total goods producing industries. The total service providing industries had 76 total fatalities. Within service providing industries, the trade, transportation, and utilities major industry sector, comprised of wholesale trade (NAICS 42), retail trade (NAICS 44-45), transportation and warehousing (NAICS 48-49), and utilities (NAICS 22), had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries with 33. Vehicles was the leading primary source in the total service providing industries with 38 fatal occupational injuries. Vehicles was also the leading secondary source in the total service providing industries.

Table A-5 shows fatal occupational injuries by occupation and event or exposure in Missouri in 2006. The occupation groups with the highest number of total fatalities in 2006 were construction and extraction occupations with 35; transportation and material moving occupations with 34; and management occupations with 32. Falls was the event or exposure in 14 of the 35 fatalities in the construction and extraction occupations. Within the construction and extraction occupations, the construction trades workers occupation accounted for 20 of the 35 fatalities. Transportation incidents was the event or exposure in 29 of the 34 fatalities in the transportation and material moving occupations. Within the transportation and material moving occupations, the motor vehicle operators occupation accounted for 25 of the 34 fatalities. Transportation incidents was the event or exposure in 13 of the 32 fatalities in the management occupations. Within the management occupations, other management occupations accounted for 31 of the 32 fatalities.

Table A-6 shows fatal occupational injuries resulting from transportation incidents and homicides by occupation in Missouri in 2006. The occupation group with the highest number of total fatal occupational injuries resulting from transportation incidents was the transportation and material moving occupations group with 29. The management occupations group had the second highest number of total fatal occupational injuries resulting from transportation incidents with 13. There were 16 fatal occupational injuries as a result of homicides. Homicides by shooting accounted for 12 of the 16 fatal occupational injuries. There was no data reported or data did not meet publication criteria for homicides for most occupations.

Table A-7 presents fatal occupational injuries by worker characteristics and event or exposure in Missouri in 2006. Of the 166 fatal occupational injuries that occurred in Missouri in 2006, 154 (92.8 percent) of the workers were men. White, non-Hispanic workers accounted for 147 (88.6 percent) of the 166 occupational fatalities. In Missouri in 2006, Hispanic or Latino workers accounted for only four (2.4 percent) of the occupational fatalities. Nationally, 16.4 percent of the occupational fatalities occurred in Hispanic or Latino workers. Workers between the ages of 45 to 54 years had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries in Missouri in 2006 with 34 (20.5 percent). Wage and salary workers accounted for 108 (65.1 percent) of the 166 fatalities. Self-employed workers accounted for 58 (34.9 percent) of the 166 fatalities in Missouri in 2006. For All United States, self-employed workers accounted for 17.8 percent of total occupational fatalities in 2006.

Table A-8 presents fatal occupational injuries by event or exposure and age in Missouri in 2006. The major events or exposures with the highest numbers of total fatal occupational injuries in 2006 were transportation accidents with 76, assaults and violent acts with 27, and falls with 23. Of the 76 fatal occupational injuries where transportation accidents was the event or exposure, 17 occurred in workers aged 65 years and over, 16 occurred in workers aged 35 to 44 years, and 13 occurred in workers aged 55 to 64 years. Of the 27 fatal occupational injuries where assaults and violent acts was the event or exposure, 7 occurred in workers aged 35 to 44 years and six occurred in each of the age groups 55 to 64 years and 65 years and older. Of the 23 fatal occupational injuries where falls was the event or exposure, 9 occurred in workers aged 45-54 years, six occurred in workers aged 25 to 34 years and five occurred in workers aged 35 to 44 years.

Table A-9 presents fatal occupational injuries by event or exposure and major private industry sector in Missouri in 2006. Transportation accidents was the primary event or exposure for both total goods producing industries at 30 and total service providing industries at 41. Within goods producing industries, natural resources and mining was the major industry sector with the most fatal occupational injuries due to transportation accidents with 14 fatalities. Within service providing industries, trade, transportation, and utilities was the major industry sector with the most fatal occupational injuries due to transportation accidents with 22 fatalities. Contact with objects and equipment was the second highest event or exposure in the total goods producing industries with 18 fatalities. The second highest event or exposure in the total service providing industries was assaults and violent acts with 18 fatalities.