Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) in conjunction with state agencies developed the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) program in 1992 to produce accurate, comprehensive, descriptive, timely, and accessible counts of fatal workplace injuries that occur during a given year. A fatality is counted in the state the incident occurred regardless of the state of employment to alleviate duplication of reporting in the states.

The fatality census uses diverse sources to identify, verify, and profile fatal work injuries in an effort to compile counts that are as complete as possible. Source documents such as death certificates, workers’ compensation reports, and Federal and State agency administrative records are cross-referenced to gather key information about each workplace fatality such as the particular occupation in which the fatality occurred, worker demographics, equipment or machinery involved, and circumstances of the event. Two or more independent source documents are used to verify the work relationship of each fatal work injury.

A work relationship exists if an event or exposure results in fatal injury or illness to a person on the employer’s premises and the person was there to work; off the employer’s premises and the person was there to work; or the event or exposure was related to the person’s work or status as an employee. Fatalities that occur during a person’s commute to or from work are excluded from census counts. Work is defined as legal duties, activities, or tasks that produce a product or result; and that which is done in exchange for money, goods, services, profit, or benefit. Although the scope of the fatality census is limited to work-related injuries, states may submit data on work-related fatal illnesses, such as heart attacks, that occur at work.

Information gathered by states participating in the CFOI program is used for statistical and research purposes only. The identifiers of all individuals and companies remain confidential according to BLS policy and confidentiality pledges to state source agencies. BLS and participating state agencies abide by any restrictions on followback or the release data imposed by source agencies.

Data compiled by the CFOI program are issued annually for the previous calendar year. These data are used by safety and health professionals, policy analysts, and researchers to prevent fatal work injuries by informing workers of life threatening hazards associated with various jobs, promote safer work practices through enhanced job safety training, develop new safety equipment, assess and improve workplace safety standards, and identify new areas for safety research.

Chart A-1 shows workplace fatalities by event or exposure in Missouri in 2007 in all ownerships. Transportation incidents had the highest percentage of workplace fatalities with 47.4 percent. Assaults and violent acts had the second highest percentage of workplace fatalities in Missouri in 2007 with 17.3 percent.

Chart A-2 illustrates fatal work injuries by location in Missouri in 2007 in all ownerships. Street or highway was the location where the highest percent of fatal work injuries occurred with 35.9 percent. Farm and industrial place or premises tied for second highest location for fatal work injuries with 16.7 percent each. These three locations combined accounted for 69.3 percent of the fatal work injuries in Missouri in 2007.

Chart A-3 shows occupations with the largest number of worker fatalities in Missouri in 2007 in all ownerships. Driver/sales workers and truck drivers was the occupation with the most worker fatalities with 30. Agricultural managers was the occupation with the second most worker fatalities in Missouri in 2007 with 20.

Chart A-4 shows occupations in the construction industry with the highest number of fatalities in Missouri in 2007 in private industry. All other was the construction industry occupation with the highest number of fatal injuries with 38 percent. Construction laborers was the occupation with the second highest number of fatal injuries in the construction industry with 28 percent.

Chart A-5 illustrates fatality work injuries varied between men and women in Missouri in 2007. Men accounted for 141 or 90.4 percent of the 156 total fatal occupational injuries in Missouri in 2007. Transportation incidents was the event or exposure in 68 or 48 percent of the fatal occupational injuries that involved men in Missouri in 2007. Transportation incidents was the event or exposure that involved the highest percentage of women in Missouri in 2007 at seven or 47 percent.

Chart A-6 shows the fatal work injuries in selected industries in Missouri in 2007 in all ownerships. Trade, transportation, and utilities was the major industry sector with the highest number of fatal work injuries with 46. Construction and natural resources and mining were the major industry sectors that tied for the second highest number of fatal work injuries with 29 each.

Table A-1 shows fatal occupational injuries by industry and event or exposure in Missouri in 2007. There were 156 total fatal occupational injuries in Missouri in 2007. Transportation incidents was the event or exposure responsible for 74 of the 156 fatal occupational injuries. Transportation incidents include highway, nonhighway, air, water, rail fatalities, and fatalities resulting from being struck by a vehicle. Assaults and violent acts was the event or exposure that had the second highest number of fatal occupational injuries with 27. Assaults and violent acts include violence by persons, self-inflicted injury, and attacks by animals. The construction sector (NAICS 23) was the sector that had the highest number of fatalities in 2007 with 29. Within the construction sector, specialty trade contractors (NAICS 238) had 16 of the 29 fatalities. The agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector (NAICS 11) was the sector that had the second highest number of fatal occupational injuries at 28. Within the agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector, crop production (NAICS 111) had 21 of the 28 fatalities. The transportation and warehousing sector (NAICS 48-49) had the third highest number of fatal occupational injuries with 24. Truck transportation (NAICS 484) accounted for 18 of the 24 fatalities in the transportation and warehousing sector.

Table A-2 shows fatal occupational injuries resulting from transportation incidents and homicides by industry in Missouri in 2007. There were a total of 74 fatal occupational injuries as a result of transportation incidents. Highway incidents accounted for 50 of the total transportation incidents and non-highway incidents accounted for 14. The transportation and warehousing sector (NAICS 48-49) had the highest number of total transportation incidents with 22. Highway incidents accounted for 20 of these 22 transportation incidents. The agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector (NAICS 11) had the second highest number of total transportation incidents with 15. Non-highway incidents accounted for 11 of these 15 transportation incidents. There were 22 fatal occupational injuries as a result of homicides. Homicides by shooting accounted for 17 of the 22 fatal occupational injuries. Twenty-one of the total homicides were in private industry and 20 of those were in service providing industries. There were seven homicides in the accommodation and food services sector (NAICS 72) and five homicides in the retail trade industry sector (NAICS 44-45).

Table A-3 presents the number and percent of fatal occupational injuries to private sector wage and salary workers, government workers, and self-employed workers by industry in Missouri in 2007. Private sector wage and salary workers may include volunteers and workers receiving other types of compensation. Private sector wage and salary workers accounted for 99 of the 156 fatal occupational injuries in Missouri in 2007. The construction sector (NAICS 23) had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries among the private sector wage and salary workers with 24 or 24.2 percent. The transportation and warehousing sector (NAICS 48-49) had the second highest number of fatal occupational injuries for private sector wage and salary workers with 18 or 18.2 percent. The number and percent of fatal occupational injuries for government workers include fatalities to workers employed by governmental organizations regardless of industry. Government workers accounted for 11 of the 156 fatal occupational injuries in Missouri in 2007. The public administration sector (NAICS 92) had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries among government workers with 8 or 72.7 percent. Self-employed workers include self-employed workers, owners of unincorporated businesses and farms, paid and unpaid family workers, and may include some owners of incorporated businesses or members of partnerships. Self-employed workers accounted for 46 of the 156 fatal occupational injuries in Missouri in 2007. The agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector (NAICS 11) had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries among self-employed workers at 22 or 47.8 percent. The transportation and warehousing sector (NAICS 48-49) had the second highest number of occupational fatalities of self-employed workers at six or 13.0 percent.

Table A-4 presents fatal occupational injuries by primary and secondary source of injury for all fatalities and by major private industry sector in Missouri in 2007. The primary source of injury identifies the object, substance, or exposure that directly produced or inflicted the injury. For most transportation incidents, the primary source identifies the vehicle in which the deceased was an occupant. For most falls, the primary source identifies the surface or object contacted. The secondary source of injury, if any, identifies the object, substance, or person that generated the source of injury or that contributed to the event or exposure. For vehicle collisions, the deceased’s vehicle is the primary source and the other object (truck, road divider, etc.) is the secondary source. For most homicides, the "bullet " is the primary source and the "perpetrator " is the secondary source. For most falls, the secondary source identifies the equipment or surface from which the worker fell. Vehicles was the leading primary source in the total fatalities with 76 total occupational injuries and also the leading secondary source for total fatalities with 32. The total goods producing industries had 65 total fatalities. Within goods producing, the construction major industry sector comprised of the construction sector (NAICS 23) and the natural resources and mining major industry sector comprised of the agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector (NAICS 11) and the mining sector (NAICS 21) tied with the highest number of fatal occupational injuries with 29 each. Vehicles was the leading primary source in the total goods producing industries with 32 fatal occupational injuries. Vehicles was also the leading secondary source for total goods producing industries with 11. The total service providing industries had 80 total fatalities. Within service providing industries, the trade, transportation, and utilities major industry sector, comprised of wholesale trade (NAICS 42), retail trade (NAICS 44-45), transportation and warehousing (NAICS 48-49), and utilities (NAICS 22), had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries with 45. Vehicles was the leading primary source in the total service providing industries with 39 fatal occupational injuries. Persons, plants, animals, and minerals was the leading secondary source in the total service providing industries with 24.

Table A-5 shows fatal occupational injuries by occupation and event or exposure in Missouri in 2007. The occupation groups with the highest number of total fatalities in 2007 were transportation and material moving occupations with 39; management occupations with 27; and construction and extraction occupations with 23. Transportation incidents was the event or exposure in 31 of the 39 fatalities in the transportation and material moving occupations. Within the transportation and material moving occupations, motor vehicle operators accounted for 29 of the 31 transportation incident fatalities. Transportation incidents was the event or exposure in 14 of the 27 fatalities in the management occupations. Within the management occupations, other management occupations accounted for all 14 transportation incident fatalities. Transportation incidents was the event or exposure in 9 of the 23 fatalities in the construction and extraction occupations.

Table A-6 shows fatal occupational injuries resulting from transportation incidents and homicides by occupation in Missouri in 2007. The occupation group with the highest number of total fatal occupational injuries resulting from transportation incidents was the transportation and material moving occupations group with 31. The management occupations group had the second highest number of total fatal occupational injuries resulting from transportation incidents with 14. There were 22 fatal occupational injuries as a result of homicides. Homicides by shooting accounted for 17 of the 22 fatal occupational injuries. The occupation group with the highest number of fatal injuries as a result of homicides was sales and related occupations accounting for five of the 22 fatal injuries. Homicides by shooting accounted for four of the five fatal injuries in this group. There was no data reported or data did not meet publication criteria for homicides for most occupations.

Table A-7 presents fatal occupational injuries by worker characteristics and event or exposure in Missouri in 2007. Of the 156 fatal occupational injuries that occurred in Missouri in 2007, 141 or 90.4 percent of the workers were men. Women accounted for 15 or 9.6 percent of the 156 total fatal occupational injuries in Missouri in 2007. White, non-Hispanic workers accounted for 127 or 81.4 percent of the 156 occupational fatalities. In Missouri in 2007, Hispanic or Latino workers accounted for only seven or 4.5 percent of the occupational fatalities. Workers between the ages of 45 to 54 years had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries in Missouri in 2007 with 38 or 24.4 percent. Wage and salary workers accounted for 110 or 70.5 percent of the 156 fatalities. Self-employed workers accounted for 46 or 29.5 percent of the 156 fatalities in Missouri in 2007.

Table A-8 presents fatal occupational injuries by event or exposure and age in Missouri in 2007. The major events or exposures with the highest numbers of total fatal occupational injuries in 2007 were transportation accidents with 74, assaults and violent acts with 27, and contact with objects and equipment with 23. Of the 74 fatal occupational injuries where transportation accidents was the event or exposure, 22 occurred in workers aged 35 to 44 years, 18 occurred in workers aged 55 to 64 years, and 15 occurred in workers aged 45 to 54 years. Of the 27 fatal occupational injuries where assaults and violent acts was the event or exposure, seven occurred in workers aged 55 to 64 years and six occurred in each of the age groups 25 to 34 years and 45 to 54 years. Of the 23 fatal occupational injuries where contact with objects and equipment was the event or exposure, seven occurred in workers aged 25 to 34 years, six occurred in workers aged 45 to 54 years and four occurred in workers aged 35 to 44 years.

Table A-9 presents fatal occupational injuries by event or exposure for all fatalities and major private industry sector in Missouri in 2007. Transportation accidents was the primary event or exposure for both total goods producing industries at 29 and total service providing industries at 40. Within goods producing industries, natural resources and mining was the major industry sector with the most fatal occupational injuries due to transportation accidents with 16 fatalities. Within service providing industries, trade, transportation, and utilities was the major industry sector with the most fatal occupational injuries due to transportation accidents with 28 fatalities. Contact with objects and equipment was the second highest event or exposure in the total goods producing industries with 18 fatalities. The second highest event or exposure in the total service providing industries was assaults and violent acts with 21 fatalities.